BAOBAB TREE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     12th April 2024        
Samadhaan

Context: In a groundbreaking conservation endeavour, the Global Society for the Preservation of Baobabs and Mangroves (GSPBM) has initiated a mission to rejuvenate the iconic baobab trees.

Baobab Tree

  • About: The baobab tree, also known as the upside-down tree, belongs to the Adansonia genus within the Malvaceae family, subfamily Bombacoideae.
  • Distribution: Nine species of baobab trees exist, with two native to mainland Africa, six to Madagascar, and one to Australia. Mandu, in Madhya Pradesh, India, is a notable area where baobabs thrive.


  • Features:
  • Baobabs are characterized by their longevity, with some living for thousands of years.
  • They possess massive, bottle-shaped or cylindrical trunks with faint growth rings and compact tops.
  • The fruit of the baobab tree is highly nutritious and either round or oval-shaped.
  • It is renowned as the 'Tree of Life'.
  • Ecological Significance:
  • Baobabs play a crucial role as keystone species in Madagascar's landscapes.
  • Their large trunks and extensive root systems store water, providing a vital resource during droughts.
  • This water storage capacity supports diverse life forms, contributing to biodiversity in baobab habitats.
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