AZAD HIND GOVERNMENT (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – History)

News-CRUX-10     8th April 2024        
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Context: In a recent interview, the ruling party candidate claimed that Subhas Chandra Bose, not Jawaharlal Nehru, was the first prime minister of independent India.

Azad Hind Government

  • About: On October 21, 1943, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose announced the establishment of the 'Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind' or the provincial government of free India in Singapore.
  • Leadership Roles: Within the provisional Government, Bose held multiple positions, serving as the Head of State, Prime Minister, and Minister of War.
  • Women's Organization: Captain Lakshmi led the women's organization, while SA Ayer headed the publicity wing within the newly formed government.
  • Supreme Adviser: Revolutionary leader Ras Behari Bose was appointed as the supreme adviser by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
  • Support from Axis Powers: The government garnered support from the Axis powers, including Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany, the Italian Social Republic, and their allies.
  • Proclamation of Authority: The Azad Hind government swiftly asserted authority over Indian civilian and military personnel in Southeast Asian British colonial territory after its formation.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

  • About: Subhas Chandra Bose, an Indian nationalist leader, played a pivotal role in the country's struggle for independence against British colonial rule.
  • Early Life: Born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, Bose showed early signs of leadership and commitment to the cause of India's freedom.
  • Forward Bloc: In 1939, Bose established the Forward Bloc, an organization aimed at uniting all anti-British forces in India.
  • Formation of Indian National Army (INA): With Japanese assistance, Bose reorganized and led the Indian National Army, comprised of Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from Southeast Asia, against British forces.
  • Death: Subhas Chandra Bose is believed to have died on August 18, 1945, in a plane crash over Taiwan.