AUKUS (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     8th April 2024        
Samadhaan

Context: Recently, the U.S., Britain, and Australia have initiated discussions about expanding their AUKUS security agreement by considering new members, with Washington advocating for Japan's inclusion to serve as a deterrent against China.


AUKUS 

  • About: It is a trilateral security partnership for the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Members: Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • Established in: 2021.
  • Objective: The partnership involves the US and the UK assisting Australia in acquiring nuclear-powered submarines.
  • Cooperation: Cooperation on advanced cyber mechanisms, artificial intelligence and autonomy, quantum technologies, undersea capabilities, hypersonic and counter-hypersonic, electronic warfare, innovation and information sharing.

Significance of AUKUS

  • Promotion of Regional Freedom: AUKUS is geared towards upholding freedom and openness in the Indo-Pacific, particularly in areas like the South China Sea.
  • Countering China's Ambitions: The partnership serves to bolster Australia's naval strength, presenting a challenge to China's hegemonic aspirations in the region.
  • Enhanced Military Coordination: Operationalizing AUKUS will foster closer military coordination among participating nations, enhancing regional security.
  • Mitigating China's Encirclement of India: AUKUS could alleviate some of China's encirclement tactics against India by strengthening strategic alliances in the Indo-Pacific.
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