ABELMOSCHUS ODISHAE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     5th December 2023        

Context: A scientist from the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) recently discovered a new plant species of ‘wild okra’ named ‘Abelmoschus Odishae’.

Abelmoschus Odishae

  • Wild Okra' Plant Species: Found in the lush, moist deciduous forest of Banspal block in Keonjhar district, Odisha.
  • Hybridization Potential: This species holds promise for hybridization, offering an avenue to develop improved varieties with heightened disease resistance.
  • Genetic Diversity: This discovery introduces an opportunity to expand the genetic diversity of okra, potentially contributing to its resilience and adaptability.
  • Characteristics: The seeds are sub-reniform, accompanied by short, stout, non-spiral trichomes, contributing to their unique structure and appearance.


  • About: Okra, alternatively known as gumbo or ladies' fingers, thrives as a warm-season vegetable.
  • Origin and Distribution: Native to the Eastern Hemisphere tropics, okra is extensively cultivated or naturalized in the Western Hemisphere's tropics and subtropics.
  • Color Varieties: Present in both green and red varieties, okra offers a visually diverse range.
  • Mallow Family: Belonging to the mallow family of botanicals, which includes cocoa and cotton, okra shares its botanical lineage.
  • Nutrient-rich Composition: As a nutrient powerhouse, okra serves as an excellent source of minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, and dietary fiber.
  • Culinary Application: The sticky juice within okra pods is commonly utilized to thicken sauces in various culinary applications.
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