International Relations (Mains Booster Series)

Mains Marks Booster     25th July 2023     Save    
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India-Nepal Relations

India-Nepal’s Relation was founded on the age-old connection of history, culture, tradition and religion, these relations are close, comprehensive and multidimensional and are pronounced more in political, social, cultural, religious and economic engagements with each other.  The two countries established diplomatic relations on 17 June 1947.

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India-Bangladesh Relations

India was the first country to recognize Bangladesh as a separate and independent state and established diplomatic relations with the country immediately after its independence in December 1971.

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India-Pakistan Relations

India has followed a consistent and principled policy towards Pakistan i.e.: in keeping with its “Neighbourhood First Policy”, India seeks normal neighbourly relations with Pakistan in an environment free from terror, hostility and violence.

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Pakistan Political Crisis

Pakistan's ongoing political crisis has reached a crescendo with former Prime Minister Imran Khan's arrest and its fallout. This has created a civil war like situation leading to a perpetual collapse of the country.

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Indus Water Treaty

India has issued a notice to Pakistan seeking a review and modification of the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT). It cited Pakistan’s “intransigence” in resolving disputes over the Kishanganga and Ratle (on Chenab River) hydropower projects, both in Jammu and Kashmir.

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India-Sri Lanka Relations

India is Sri Lanka's closest neighbour. The relationship between the two countries is more than 2,500 years old and both sides have built upon a legacy of intellectual, cultural, religious and linguistic interaction.

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India-Afghanistan Relations

It has been referred to as the "Graveyard of Empires" and has been a central player in the historical "Great Games." 

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India-China Relations

India-China relations have long been complex and multifaceted, characterized by a combination of cooperation, competition, and border disputes.

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India-Bhutan Relations

India and Bhutan have had long-standing diplomatic, economic and cultural relations. India and Bhutan share a long-standing diplomatic, economic, and cultural relationship. The two countries are bound by the Treaty of Friendship, which was renegotiated in 2007 to establish a more equal partnership.

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India Myanmar Relations

India-Myanmar relations are rooted in shared historical, ethnic, cultural and religious ties. As the land of Lord Buddha, India is a country of pilgrimage for the people of Myanmar. 

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India-Maldives Relations

India and Maldives share ethnic, linguistic, cultural, religious and commercial links steeped in antiquity and enjoy close, cordial and multi-dimensional relations. India was among the first to recognise Maldives after its independence in 1965 and to establish diplomatic relations with the country.

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Indian Ocean Region (IOR)

The context of the discussion is the strategic importance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) in the world order, specifically in the Indian sub-continent.

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No First Use Policy

No first use (NFU) refers to a pledge or a policy by a nuclear power not to use nuclear weapons. It is a means of warfare unless first attacked by an adversary using nuclear weapons.

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India- Russia Relations

Russia has been an enduring and trusted partner for India, and the development of their bilateral relations has been a cornerstone of India's foreign policy.

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India- US Relations

Prime Minister Narendra Modi received a ceremonial welcome at the White House's South Lawn by President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden.

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India-Canada Relations

Canada is India’s second largest export destination and is the third largest source of imports for India. It is a major source of FDI for India, with total investments of nearly USD 5.5 billion.

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India-African Union Relations

Prime Minister Modi has proposed inclusion of the African Union (AU) into the G20 grouping — effectively making it G21. He has written to G20 leaders to propose that the African Union be given “full membership at the upcoming Delhi Summit of G20, as requested by them”. 

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India-Egypt Relations

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi conferred PM Modi with the 'Order of the Nile' award, the nation's highest state honour.  This is the 13th such highest state honour that various countries across the world have conferred upon PM Modi.

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BIMSTEC

BIMSTEC has proved to be a bridge of friendship connecting the people of South and South-east Asia. Much recently, the 26th Founding Day of BIMSTEC will be celebrated. BIMSTEC is a regional organization comprising seven Member States in South and Southeast Asia. 

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Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a permanent international intergovernmental organization. It was established in June 2001 in Shanghai, China, by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Tajikistan.

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G20's International Financial Architecture

The G20, a forum of major economies, recognizes the importance of strengthening the international financial architecture. Under the G20 finance track, the International Financial Architecture Working Group plays a vital role in addressing challenges and enhancing stability.

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The 14th BRICS Summit: Promoting Stability, Cooperation, and Global Recovery

BRICS is an acronym for the grouping of the world's leading emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.

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India and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is a principal organ of the United Nations responsible for maintaining international peace and security. It possesses significant powers, including the establishment of peacekeeping operations, international sanctions, and authorization of military action.

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India's Commitment to Gender Parity

India recently deployed a platoon of women peacekeepers in Abyei, bordering Sudan and South Sudan, as part of the Indian Battalion in the United Nations Interim Security Force.

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Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED)

India recently hosted a significant meeting of the United Nations Security Council’s Counter Terrorism Committee (UNSC-CTC) to address terror-financing through cryptocurrency and the use of drones in modern terrorism.

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WTO's Ministerial Conference (MC12) and the

Introduction: Recently, the World Trade Organization (WTO) concluded its 12th Ministerial Conference, also known as the "Geneva Package."

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Global Push for De-Dollarization

BRICS Collective's Common Currency: BRICS nations aim to establish a common currency, reducing reliance on the US dollar and challenging its dominance in the global financial system. De-Dollarization in Response to Western Sanctions: Russia and China advocate for de-dollarization to decrease vulnerability to Western sanctions and assert economic independence.

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Global Oil Dynamics: OPEC, OPEC+, and India's Stand for Equitable Pricing

OPEC and OPEC+ play a significant role in global oil production and pricing, significantly impacting economies like India.

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About Pravasi Bhartiya Divas

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 17th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention on January 9, 2023, in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. With the theme "Diaspora: Reliable partners for India’s progress in Amrit Kaal”.

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