Internal Security (Mains Booster Series)

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Samadhaan

Basics of Internal Security

When India became independent, and apart from the turmoil of Partition and its deleterious impact, it confronted a string of violent agitations, including major Communist uprisings in Bengal and in the south, till the early 1950s. India withstood these challenges with utmost fortitude.

3rd August 2023

Terrorism

Terrorism is the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. It is a global phenomenon that affects people from all walks of life, regardless of their nationality, religion, or ethnicity

3rd August 2023

Mob Lynching & Mobocracy: Causes & Implications

What is Mob Lynching?

  • Lynching refers to killing someone for an alleged offence without a legal trial
  • Mob lynching refers to a situation where a lawless mob attempts to take justice into their own hands, rather than following legal due process. (Mob Lynching = collective hate crime).
  • The mob tries to deliver an instant justice based on their own perception of the accused and the crime committed, rather than valid evidence.

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Extremism

What is meant by Extremism?

  • Extremism advocates adoption of extreme political, social, religious, radical, or revolutionary ideas, beliefs, or actions that reject or undermine the status quo and contemporary ideas and expressions of freedom.
  • It involves an intense and uncompromising commitment to a particular ideology, often characterized by a rejection of moderate or mainstream views.

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North East insurgency

  • North East India shares about 5500 km borders with 5 countries - Bhutan, Nepal & China on its north; Myanmar on its east; and Bangladesh on its south and west. This constitutes approximately 60% of India‘s land borders and more than 90% of NE states land borders.

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Militancy in Jammu and Kashmir

Pre-Independence Period

  • After the decline of the Mughal Empire, Kashmir passed through Afghan, Sikh, and Dogra rule.
  • In 1752, Kashmir was seized by the Afghan ruler Ahmed Shah Abdali.

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Organized Crimes

Recently the National Investigation Agency (NIA) has launched a massive nationwide search operation in connection with anti-terror activities linked to the Popular Front of India-PFI for alleged terror links.

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Money Laundering

Recently the Indian government has expanded the scope of the PMLA Act 2002 to include additional reporting entities and enhanced the recording of financial transactions. These amendments aim to strengthen the anti-money laundering framework in India and empower authorities to combat money laundering more effectively

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Benami Transaction (Prohibition) Act 1988

The Supreme Court of India recently declared Section 3(2) of the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act 1988 unconstitutional, citing its manifestly arbitrary nature.

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Black Money

Context-

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha, Finance said Tax demand of Rs 14,820 crore after completing assessment in 368 cases under the black money law dealing with undisclosed foreign income.

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Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks

Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges

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Cyber Security

The emergence of the Internet in the late 1980s led to the evolution of cyberspace as a fifth domain of human activity (following land, sea, air and space)

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Security Challenges and their management in border areas

“Our flag does not fly because the wind moves it, it flies with the last breath of each soldier who died protecting it.”

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Coastal Border Management

India boasts a vast coastline spanning over 7,000 kilometres, accompanied by more than 1,000 offshore islands, offering abundant resources and immense opportunities. Preserving the sanctity of these waters against external threats and safeguarding India's maritime interests holds paramount significance, particularly in the prevailing geopolitical and security landscape.

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Defense Sector

India has been ranked as the largest global importer of arms from 2018 to 2022, as reported by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

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Various Security Forces and Agencies and their Mandates

India has several security forces and agencies responsible for maintaining law and order, safeguarding national security, and addressing various threats.

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