Ethics (Mains Marks Booster)

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Samadhaan

Attitude

Attitude is a tendency or predisposition to evaluate an object or symbol of that object in a certain way - Katz and Scotland
Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference - Winston Churchill

3rd August 2023

Aptitude

Aptitude without attitude is blind; and attitude without aptitude is lame. — Richard Marcel I.

3rd August 2023

Emotional Intelligence

Anyone can become angry —that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way —this is not easy. - Aristotle

3rd August 2023

Contributions of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India and World

This school of thought includes the work of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, who sought to understand the nature of reality, ethics, politics, and knowledge. 

3rd August 2023

Ethics in Public Administration

Non-Political: It is a non-political public bureaucracy operating in a political system and it deals with the sovereign will, the public interests and laws

3rd August 2023

Probity in Governance

” No responsibility of government is more fundamental than the responsibility of maintaining higher standards of ethical behaviour”: John F Kennedy
 “The purpose of a government is to make it easy for people to do good and difficult to do evil”. Gladstone 
“Rivers do not drink their waters themselves, nor do trees eat their fruit, nor do the clouds eat the grains raised by them. The wealth of the noble is used solely for the benefit of others.”

3rd August 2023

Freebies in Elections

Political parties have announced freebies like Free bus ride, Free Electricity, 5kg – 10kg Rice, subsidised cylinders etc. during recent states assembly elections.

3rd August 2023

Uniform Civil Codes & Ethical Dimensions

Context: Recently, the 22nd Law Commission recently agreed to re-examine the subject and started soliciting opinions and recommendations on UCC from the public and acknowledged religious bodies.

3rd August 2023

Migration & Refugees

Migration issues exist in European countries - many migrants lose their lives while crossing the Mediterranean Sea.

3rd August 2023

Refugees and their Issues

Recently, houses of refugees who came from Pakistan, were demolished in Jaisalmer and Jodhpur regions. However, later separate land has been provided to them.

3rd August 2023

Public Outrages: Violence through Protests, Mob Lynching

Quote: The first and most important thing a man should keep away from is not doing harm of any kind knowingly to anyone, at any time.  - Thiruvalluvar

3rd August 2023

Corporate Governance: New Age Startups

Corporate Governance is the system by which companies are directed and controlled.
It represents the structure of rules, practices, and processes used to direct and manage a company for its efficient and effective functioning. 

3rd August 2023

Media Ethics & Freedom of Press

The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has blocked several YouTube news channels from India as well as Pakistan for spreading “fake news”.

3rd August 2023

Drug and Alcoholism in India

That’s all drugs and alcohol do, they cut off your emotions in the end. – Ringo Starr
There’s not a drug on Earth that can make life meaningful.
Drugs are a waste of time. They destroy your memory and your self-respect and everything that goes along with your self-esteem.” – Kurt Cobain

3rd August 2023

Match Fixing

The organized participation is governed by various sports organisations who frame rules and patterns of behavior which should govern the activity.

3rd August 2023

Artificial Intelligence and Ethical Aspects

Recent Incident: Elon’s car was caught on camera ramming into another car. But he pleaded not guilty. His argument was that his car was on autonomous mode, so the responsibility of the accident lies with the car manufacturer.

3rd August 2023

Metaverse

Metaverse is a combination of multiple elements of technology, including virtual reality, augmented reality and video where users "live" within a digitally enhanced surrounding.

3rd August 2023

Police Corruption in India

Quote: “Power corrupts and absolute power absolutely”

3rd August 2023

Use of Bulldozer and Principle of Natural Justice

Recently, it has been alleged that the authorities riding bulldozers have razed buildings or house extensions built "illegally" in neighbourhoods that recorded communal clashes in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat etc. 

3rd August 2023

Demolition of illegal structures of accused

Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka, Haryana have laws in place for the recovery of damages to the property during a disturbance. From the administrative point of view, it may appear to be reasonable but it also endangers the fundamental rights of citizens.

3rd August 2023

War

Quote:
“So long as there are men, there will be wars.” - – Albert Einstein
“Not every war is worth fighting….” – Naushad

3rd August 2023

Opinion Polls and Ethics

Context:

Issue with authenticity and transparency of Opinion polls for recently conducted Assembly elections.

3rd August 2023

Cognitive Dissonance

Context: 
Uniform Civil Code: Whether to support or not
Economic assistance to Pakistan by the international  organsiation
People of Russia – Whether to support their country or lean towards humanism
Covid-19 treatment and medical Experts

3rd August 2023

Custodial Violence

Quote: Threat to Human Rights is the highest in Police stations. Custodial torture and other police atrocities are problems which still prevail in our society. In spite of constitutional declarations and guarantees, lack of effective legal representation at the police stations is a huge detriment to arrested/detained. - Ex CJI N.V.Ramana

3rd August 2023

Clinical trials

It is a set of practice that helps certify a new drug molecule as safe and efficacious before reaching the market. 

3rd August 2023

Child Artists

Regular sessions of children with social workers and counsellors to understand their choice/ problems. 

3rd August 2023

Civil Servants and Social Media

Quote: “Don’t fall into ‘Singham’ trap. Police uniform is not associated with authority and awe but inspires pride.” – Prime Minister Narendra Modi

3rd August 2023

Defection and Instability of Government

Context:
The crisis of Madhya Pradesh Government in March, 2020, wherein Jyotiraditya Scindia along with 22 MLA’s gave resignation to the speaker of the assembly.
Recently, vertical division took place in the regional parties Shiv Sena and NCP in Maharashtra.

3rd August 2023

Ethics & human interface

The term ‘ethics’ is derived from the Greek word ‘ethikos’ which can mean custom, habit, character or disposition.

2nd August 2023

Human Values

It is the essence of human being existence. They determine the core characteristics of the goodness of human behaviour.
They have evolved over a period of time and are linked with emotions and feelings of humans.
Although society, religion, location, and other factors influence value systems, some values are universal among people. 
All value systems contain these principles, and all people uphold them. They are referred to as human values.  Human values have been essential to the evolution of human society.

2nd August 2023

Dimensions of Ethics

There are 4 branches of ethics and they deal with following types of questions:

  1. Descriptive ethics - What do people think is right?
  2. Meta-ethics - What does "right" even mean?
  3. Normative (prescriptive) ethics - How should people act?
  4. Applied ethics - How do we take moral knowledge and put it into practice?

2nd August 2023

Samadhaan