From unpaid, unaccounted and underpaid women to ‘AWARE’ women:
  • Meaning: AWARE here stands for - Accounted, Well-compensated, Acknowledged, Respected, and Empowered. Transitioning from a situation where women are "Unpaid, Unaccounted, and Underpaid" to a state of "AWARE" women signifies a shift toward empowerment, equality, and recognition. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Women empowerment from domestic to political sphere, Women in labour force and economic role, Agriculture etc.
Energy efficiency: The first fuel in energy transition: 
  • Meaning: This keyword underscores the critical role of energy efficiency as a fundamental and primary resource when transitioning to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly energy system. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Energy use, distribution and efficiency, India’s commitment to global goals – Paris agreement, Net zero by 2070, Transition to renewable source of energy, etc.
The ticking time bombs:
  • Meaning: This keyword/term is used to describe situations or issues that are potentially dangerous, volatile, or prone to causing significant problems or disasters in the future if not addressed promptly or appropriately.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Health – diabetes, non-communicable diseases, Environment- climate change and biodiversity loss, Internal security – naxalism, communalism, terrorism etc.
From "diversity fatigue" to "diversity resilience": 
  • Meaning: Diversity fatigue refers to a state of exhaustion, weariness, or disillusionment that individuals or organizations may experience when they perceive diversity and inclusion efforts as overwhelming, repetitive, or ineffective. 
  • Diversity resilience: It involves a determination to persist in fostering a diverse and inclusive environment despite challenges or setbacks.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - India’s diversity of caste and religion, skill and education, Ek bharat shresta bharat, organisational or institutional diversity – like participation of women, LGBTQ+ community etc.


Case study on providing access to modern farming machineries to small farmers:
  • Case studies for steps taken for good food habit and reduced consumption of processed food
  • Step taken by FSSAI: East Right Movement to transform the country’s food system in order to ensure safe, healthy and sustainable food for all Indians.
  • Step taken by other countries: Like South Africa, Norway, and Mexico. 
  • Defining ‘healthy food’, a warning label on unhealthy food, and restrictions on the promotion and marketing tactics of unhealthy food and beverages.


India’s women and labour force participation:
  • India not only recorded one of the lowest female labour force participation rates (LFPR) in the world, but that it was also lower than other South Asian countries except Afghanistan and Pakistan. 
  • As per Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) women LFPR is only about 35% in India with the participation rate being about 39% and about 26%, respectively, in rural and urban areas in 2021-22. 
  • From 2017 to 2021, women’s LFPR increased relative to men, particularly in rural areas because of the larger engagement of rural women in agriculture and allied activities.
  • Gender-wise beneficiary data highlights that only 15% women farmers received financial support from PMFBY in 2023 and only 25% women farmers received financial benefit under PM-KISAN.
Key Facts related to Health in India:
  • As per Madras Diabetes Research Foundation in association with ICMR:
  • More than 11% of India’s population are living with diabetes and more than 15% of the population are pre-diabetic. 
  • More than 28% of the population are considered to be obese.
  • According to WHO, a major reason for this is the consumption of unhealthy ultra-processed foods and beverages.


President’s Speech:
  • On energy transition: Energy efficiency and renewable energy are the key pillars for achieving India’s goal of net zero emissions. 
  • On Trade: Trade forms the backbone of economies. It promotes investment, creates jobs, drives economic growth, and improves standards of living. 


Affirmative Actions:  
  • Definition: Affirmative action refers to a set of policies and practices aimed at addressing historical and ongoing discrimination, inequality, and underrepresentation of certain groups in various areas, such as education, employment, and public contracting. Example – Reservation, welfare programmers foe SCs, STs etc.
Energy Efficiency: 
  • Definition: Energy efficiency is defined as the use of energy in an optimum manner to achieve the same service that could have been achieved using a common less efficient manner. Energy efficiency is the practice of reducing the energy requirements while achieving the required energy output.


Quote on Consistency or Perseverance: Champions keep playing until they get it right”. –  BILLIE JEAN KING
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes that achieving excellence and becoming a champion requires dedication, resilience, and a willingness to learn from failures along the way. 
  • It encourages individuals to keep playing, keep trying, and keep pursuing their goals until they reach the level of success they desire.
Quote on Consistency or Perseverance: Opposition is not necessarily enmity”. - Sigmund Freud
  • Meaning: The quote underscores the importance of handling opposition and differing opinions with maturity, open-mindedness, and a commitment to constructive engagement. 
  • It encourages individuals and societies to foster an environment where differences are acknowledged, respected, and used as a catalyst for growth and positive change rather than as a source of division or enmity.