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4Ss: Skill, Speed, Standard and Scale:
  • Meaning: It signifies aims to enhance their overall performance, competitiveness, and ability to adapt to changing conditions.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Startups and entrepreneurship, Make in India, manufacturing and supply chain management and R&D, IPR and innovation, Etc.
Focusing on hotspot regions/ blocks/districts/states: 
  • Meaning: This keyword signifies a strategic approach often used in various fields to signify target based on identification of hotspots of backwardness, lagging behind with respect to other regions, districts or states.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Aspirational districts programme, N-E states, Inclusive and sustainable growth, National multi-dimensional index Etc.
From knee jerk quick fixes to evidence based and sustainable solutions:
  • Meaning: It represents a shift in problem-solving and decision-making approaches from reactive and short-term responses to more thoughtful, well-informed, and lasting solutions. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Fragmented gov. policies and schemes, Disaster management, climate change and environmental degradation, Sustainable development, Etc.
Harmonizing the fragmented efforts: 
  • Meaning: It refers to the process of coordinating and aligning the actions, strategies, or initiatives of different individuals, groups, or organizations that may have been working independently or in isolation.  
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Fragmented gov. policies and schemes, Disaster management, climate changes and fragmented approach, civil services reforms (working in silos to integrated approach) Etc.


Step taken for waste management awareness:
  • Case: Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
  • Step taken: 'Swachhata Train' initiative.
  • Details: The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) embarked on an innovative journey to raise awareness about waste management through engagement and education in their vibrant city. Passengers actively engaged with the educational materials, contributing to the overall mission of Swachh Bharat Mission Urban 2.0. The initiative also fostered a sense of responsibility among the city's residents and visitors, inspiring them to take an active role in waste management. 
Step towards promoting Electric vehicles (EVs):
  • Case: New Delhi.
  • Step taken: The Delhi government has prepared “Cab and Bike Aggregator Policy” which is set to reward inducting EVs over CNG vehicles. The scheme follows a “polluter pays” principle.


Key facts related to women’s representation in various sectors:
  • In council of ministers (centre): About 14%. 
  • In legislature: In lok sabha (About 15%), In Rajya Sabha (About 13%).
  • In judiciary: SC (3judges out of 34 judges – 9.4%), HC (Less than 15%), lower courts (about 36%).
  • In police or security forces: Civil police (around 12%).
  • In managerial position: 18% in 2021, according to the Women & Men in India 2022 report.


Prime Minister’s speech:
  • On Disaster Management: We have instilled a belief in the world that Bharat is capable of making a difference in humanitarian efforts. In times of crisis, Bharat reaches out to the world, and this has built trust and confidence in our capabilities worldwide.


Alternative Dispute Resolutions (ADR):  
  • Definition: It is a means of settling a dispute, conflict, or claim without courtroom litigation. Instead, the parties involved agree to use an ADR process such as mediation or arbitration.
Terror Financing: 
  • Definition: Terrorism financing is the act of providing financial support to individual terrorists or non-state actors to enable them to carry out terrorist acts or to benefit any terrorist or terrorist organisation.


Quote on accountability and responsibility: It is not only what we do, but also what we do not do, for which we are accountable”. –  MOLIERE
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes the idea that accountability extends beyond our actions to include our inactions or failures to act. In other words, we are responsible not only for the things we actively choose to do but also for the things we neglect or omit to do.
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