URBAN MIGRATION (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 - Population associated issues)

News-CRUX-10     25th July 2023        

Context: While the multidimensional poverty index (MPI), released by the NITI Aayog last week, showed a sharp decline in poverty between 2015-16 and 2019-21 at national level, urban migration seems to have led to its increase in 24 districts in 10 states and Union Territories during the same period.

Key Points

  • Five of the 11 districts in Delhi (Central, North, West, Southwest and New Delhi) saw an increase in multidimensional poverty, followed by five in Punjab (Bathinda, Faridkot, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Rupnagar), four in Kerala (Kasargod, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Palakkad), and two each in Haryana (Ambala, Yamunanagar), Tamil Nadu (Chennai, Dindigul), and Sikkim (Mangan, Namchi).
  • Poverty increased also in one district each in Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh during the period.
  • Between the National Family Health Survey 4 ( NFHS4) and NFHS-5, West Khasi hills district in Meghalaya saw the largest increase in the share of multidimensionally poor population by 12.9 percentage points to 52.5 percent from 39.6 percent previously, followed by Bijapur, North Delhi, Faridkot and Bathinda.