UNITED LIBERATION FRONT OF ASSAM (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Internal Security)

News-CRUX-10     30th December 2023        

Context: A Government of India, the pro-talks faction of the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) signed a tripartite peace accord with the Centre and Assam governments in New Delhi

Tripartite Peace Accord

  • Aim: At addressing pressing concerns such as illegal immigration, land rights for indigenous communities, besides a financial package for Assam’s development.
  • Under the Agreement: ULFA representatives have agreed to abjure the path of violence, lay down all their arms and ammunition and disband their armed organisation.

United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA)

  • About: It is an armed separatist organisation operating in the Northeast Indian state of Assam.
  • Founded: In n 1979 by a group of 20 youngsters from Upper Assam districts to wage an armed struggle for an independent Assam, the group splintered into two factions in 2011.
  • Motive: Establishment of an independent Assam
  • Aspiration for Sovereign Nation: The group aims to create an independent sovereign nation state of Assam, advocating for the rights of the indigenous Assamese people.
  • Armed Struggle in Assam: The Assam conflict involves an armed struggle as a primary method to achieve the goal of autonomy and independence.

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