UNGA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     27th September 2023        
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Context: The External Affairs Minister of India recently emphasized India's aspiration for a broader global role, asserting that its emergence on the international stage will distinguish itself from previous nations, and its pursuit of becoming a "leading power" is not rooted in self-aggrandizement but driven by a commitment to assume greater responsibilities.

UN General Assembly 

  • Establishment: In 1945 under the United Nations (UN) Charter
  • Member Countries: All 193 members
  • UNGA President: The UNGA is headed by its President, who is elected for a term of one year.
  • Composition: The United Nations General Assembly comprises all 193 Members of the United Nations.
  • Mandate: It provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter. 

Achievements and Impact of UNGA

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights: The UNGA adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, establishing fundamental principles for the protection of human rights worldwide.
  • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): The UNGA had a central role in shaping the MDGs, which constituted eight global objectives focused on eliminating poverty, and advancing education.
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Expanding on the MDGs, the UNGA embraced the SDGs in 2015, laying out an extensive plan for achieving sustainable development by 2030. 
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