CPEC (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     27th September 2023        
output themes

Context: China has recently declined to further extend its cooperation in the fields of energy, water management, and climate change within the multi-billion dollar China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

  • About: The CPEC is bilateral project between Pakistan and China. 
  • Objective: To enhance connectivity across Pakistan with a network of highways, railways, and pipelines accompanied by other infrastructure development projects.
  • Under the CPEC Plan: China will invest in industrial power stations, roads, and railways from Kashgar in Xinjiang (China) to Gwadar port (Pakistan) in the 3000 km long belt.
  • Financed by: Heavily-subsidised Chinese loans, disbursed to Pakistan Government by Chinese banking giants such as China Development Bank, Exim Bank of China and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China.
  • CPEC is a component of the OBOR (One Belt One Road) initiative of China.


  • OBOR) or Belt and Road (BRI) is the new Silk Road initiative, both by land and sea, announced by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013.
  • It’s themost ambitious infrastructure and connectivity projectin history, aiming to connect China with Europe by land and rail, and to Africa and Asia by sea.
output themes