UNGA RESOLUTION (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 - IR)

News-CRUX-10     14th December 2023        
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Context: Recently, India voted in favor of a United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution, urging Israel to implement an immediate ceasefire, protect civilians in accordance with international law, and release all hostages.

UNGA Resolution Passage

  • About: It is a decision or declaration voted on by all member states of the United Nations in the General Assembly.
  • Voting: General Assembly resolutions usually require a simple majority (50 percent of all votes plus one) to pass.

oHowever, if the General Assembly determines that the issue is an “important question”, then a two-thirds majority is required;

  • Background: The United Nations Secretary-General invoked Article 99 of the UN Charter, urging the UN Security Council to act on the war in Gaza.

oArticle 99 allows the secretary-general to “bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security”.

  • UNGA Adoption and India's Response: Upon adoption by the UNGA, India expressed satisfaction that the international community found common ground to address the myriad challenges confronting the region.

UN General Assembly 

  • Establishment: In 1945 under the United Nations (UN) Charter
  • Member Countries: All 193 members
  • UNGA President: The UNGA is headed by its President, who is elected for a term of one year.
  • Composition: United Nations General Assembly comprises all 193 Members of the United Nations.
  • Mandate: provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter. 
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