UNCTOC (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     5th October 2023        
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Context: Recently, the Union Minister of State for Home Affairs participated in the two-day UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime Ministerial Conference at Palermo in Italy.

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UNCTOC)

  • Adopted by the UN General Assembly: 15 November 2000, by resolution 55/25.
  • Entry into force: 29 September 2003.
  • Signatories: 147.
  • India has been a member of UNTOC and a signatory to its protocols since the year 2011.
  • Parties: 191.
  • Complemented by three Protocols:

o The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children.

o The Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air.

o The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components, and Ammunition.

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