LAB GROWN DIAMOND (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     5th October 2023        

Context: Industry executives have recently noted that lab-grown diamonds are gaining increased popularity and acceptance among

Lab-Grown Diamonds (LGDs)

  • About: Lab-grown diamonds are diamonds created using specialized technology that replicates the natural processes responsible for the formation of natural diamonds.
  • India is the largest producer of lab-grown diamonds through CVD technology and contributes to nearly 25% of global LGD production through CVD technology.
  • Diamond Simulants: Materials like Moissanite, Cubic Zirconia (CZ), White Sapphire, and YAG are diamond simulants, attempting to mimic the appearance of diamonds. 
  • Identification Difficulty: Distinguishing between lab-grown diamonds (LDGs) and natural diamonds is a complex task that often requires advanced equipment.
  • Industrial Uses: LDGs find extensive use in industrial applications, especially in machinery and tools.

India's Diamond Industry

  • India is the world's largest cutting and polishing center for diamonds. It accounts for over 90% of polished diamond manufacturing globally.
  • India contributes 19% of the total diamond exports in the world. (2019).
  • Over 75% of the world's polished diamonds, gems, and jewelry are exported by India.
output themes