ULPIN (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     15th February 2024        

Context: Secretary, Department of Land Resources, rolled out National Generic Document Registration System (NDGRS) throughout Assam along with the launch of Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) seeding of geo-referenced Cadastral Maps.

National Generic Document Registration System

  • About: Initiated by the Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, the NGDRS is a significant project aimed at transforming property and document registration across the country.
  • One Nation One Software Initiative:, NGDRS serves as a common, generic application developed for registration departments nationwide, ensuring standardization and efficiency.
  • Developers and Features:
  • Developed by: National Informatics Centre Pune and is designed for use by sub registrars, citizens, and apex users in registration departments.
  • Customizability and User Interface: NGDRS offers a highly configurable platform for states to create specific instances and customize the software according to their needs.
  • Information and Restrictions: The ability to access circle rates for land, calculate property valuation, and understand land type.
  • NGDRS also restricts transactions involving prohibited properties such as government land, tribal land, and mortgaged land, aiding buyers in making informed decisions.
  • Streamlined Process for Citizens: With NGDRS, citizens can apply online for document submission, make instant payments, and schedule appointments, thereby minimizing the need for physical visits to the sub-registrar's office.

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN)

  • About: ULPIN, likened to "Aadhaar for land," assigns a unique 14-digit alphanumeric code to each surveyed land parcel.
  • This eliminates ambiguity and prevents land fraud, particularly in rural areas with outdated and disputed records.
  • Geo-Referencing: The identification relies on precise longitude and latitude coordinates, requiring detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.
  • This accuracy streamlines land management and reduces disputes by pinpointing exact land boundaries.
  • Digitalization and Modernization: ULPIN marks a significant step forward in the DILRMP, a project launched in 2008 to digitize land records.
  • It aligns with the vision of an Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS), enabling efficient land governance.

Benefits of ULPIN

  • Accurate land statistics and accounting facilitate the creation of land banks, fostering improved land use planning.
  • Improved transparency and reduced fraud attract investments and promote economic development.
  • Streamlined land transactions benefit landowners, businesses, and the government.