TM2 MODULE OF QCD11 (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     11th January 2024        

Context: Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 11, Traditional Medicine Module 2, marking the beginning of preparations for its implementation.

International Classification of Diseases

  • Developed by: World Health Organization (WHO), the ICD serves as the global standard for classifying diseases internationally.
  • Basis of Global Disease Data: The existing global data on diseases relies predominantly on healthcare practices associated with modern biomedicine for diagnosis.
  • Utility of ICD: The ICD has widespread global applications, offering crucial insights into the prevalence, causes, and consequences of human diseases and mortality. The data reported and coded with the ICD form the foundation for this knowledge.
  • Exclusion of Ayush Systems: As of now, the WHO ICD series does not include the classification of data and terminology related to diseases based on Ayush systems like Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani.
  • Central Bureau of Health Intelligence: The CBHI, under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, serves as the WHO Collaboration Centre for ICD-related activities, facilitating the collection and dissemination of data on various diseases and mortality.

TM2 Module of ICD11

  • About: The Ministry of Ayush has formulated the Code for Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani Medicine using the National Ayush Morbidity and Standardised Electronic Portal (NAMASTE).
  • Categorization: In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), the Ministry of Ayush has collaborated on categorizing data and terminology related to diseases based on Ayush - Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani systems. This falls under the TM2 module of the ICD11 series.
  • Agreement: The Ministry of Ayush has entered into a Donor Agreement with the World Health Organization to support and advance initiatives related to Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani Medicine.
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