TADOBA-ANDHARI TIGER RESERVE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     24th January 2024        

Context: Recently, two tiger carcasses were discovered in the Kolsa forest range of Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, one of which was a two-year-old cub with partially consumed flesh at the rear.

Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve

  • Location: Situated in the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.
  • Origin of Name: Derived from the God "Tadoba" or "Taru," revered by local tribes in the Tadoba and Andhari region. "Andhari" denotes the Andhari River flowing through the forest.
  • Total Area: Encompasses 625.4 sq. KM, comprising Tadoba National Park (116.55 sq. KM) and Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary (508.85 sq. KM).
  • Corridor Connections: Connected through corridors to Nagzira-Navegaon and Pench Tiger Reserves within the State.
  • Habitat: Biogeographically located in the Central plateau province of the Deccan peninsula, featuring tropical dry deciduous forests and a distinctive Central Indian faunal assemblage.
  • Flora: Major Tree Species: Ain, Bamboo, Bija, Dhaoda, Haldu, Salai, Semal, and Tendu.
  • Moist Areas Flora: Mango, Jamun, and Arjun.
  • Fauna: Tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wild dog, gaur, chital, and sambar.
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