STAGFLATION (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     26th December 2023        
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Context: Reserve Bank of India (RBI) officials believe the risk of stagflation — a portmanteau of economic stagnation with high inflation — has lowered further to 1% compared with 3% in August based on available data, using two approaches.


  • About: Stagflation is a state characterized by a simultaneous increase in prices and stagnation of economic growth.
  • Coined Term: The term "Stagflation" was introduced by Iain Macleod, a Conservative Party MP in the United Kingdom, in November 1965.
  • Economic Situation Description: Stagflation is depicted as an economic scenario where the growth rate slows down, unemployment remains persistently high, and inflation or price levels remain elevated simultaneously.
  • Economic Peril: Stagflation poses a significant threat to the economy.
  • Economic Stimulus: In situations of typically low growth, central banks and governments often attempt to stimulate the economy through increased public spending and lower interest rates to boost demand.
  • Challenge in Economic Tools: However, these measures, while aiming to spur growth, may also contribute to higher prices and inflation. Consequently, breaking out of the low growth-high inflation trap becomes challenging when inflation is already prevalent.