SLOVENIA FLOODS (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 - Geography)

News-CRUX-10     8th August 2023        

Context: The ongoing floods in Slovenia is the worst natural disaster the country has experienced since its independence in 1991.

  • This means that the floods are worse than those that occured in 1998 and 2004, which caused widespread destruction. 
  • The extreme floods caused by torrential rains in Slovenia had affected two-thirds of the country.
  • Torrential Rain is any amount of rain that is considered especially heavy.


  • Slovenia, officially the Republic of Slovenia, is a country in southern Central Europe.
  • It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.
  • Slovenia is mostly mountainous and forested.
  • Slovenes constitute over 80% of the country's population.
  • Slovene, a South Slavic language, is the official language.
  • Slovenia has a predominantly temperate continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral and the Julian Alps.
  • A sub-mediterranean climate reaches to the northern extensions of the Dinaric Alps that traverse the country in a northwest - southeast direction.
  • The Julian Alps in the northwest have an alpine climate.
  • Toward the northeastern Pannonian Basin, a continental climate is more pronounced. 
  • Ljubljana, the capital and largest city of Slovenia, is geographically situated near the centre of the country.
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