PROJECT CHEETAH (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     18th September 2023        

Context: A government report reveals that recently, four out of the six criteria set for evaluating the short-term success of India's cheetah reintroduction program have been achieved.

Project Cheetah

  • About: It is India’s cheetah relocation program. This is the first intercontinental reintroduction of a wild, large carnivore species.
  • Began on: 17 September 2023
  • Authorities - The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is the apex body entrusted with the implementation of Project Cheetah.
  • Nodal Ministry:  Ministry of the forest, environment, and climate change.
  • Historic cheetah in India - Asiatic Cheetahs were once abundant in India but the last cheetah in the country died in 1952.
  • Reintroduced cheetah - The animals brought from Namibia and South Africa are the Southeast African cheetahs.
  • IUCN Status
  • African Cheetah – Vulnerable 
  • Asiatic Cheetah – Critically endangered (Iran)

Kuno National Park

  • Situated:  Between the Aravallis and the Madhav National Park, Kuno serves as an important wildlife corridor
  • It was notified as a sanctuary in 1981 and then upgraded to a national park in 2018
  • Area: 750 kilometers of pristine wilderness.
  • Vegetation: The tropical dry deciduous forest mainly consists of Anogeissus pendula (Kardhai), Senegalia catechu (Khair) Boswellia serrata (Salai), and associated flora.

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