PMAY - G (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Govt Schemes)

News-CRUX-10     25th December 2023        

Context: Recently, the Centre initiated a survey and registration process to identify eligible beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) among 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) across 18 states and Union Territories, with the goal of releasing the first installment to them.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Gramin

  • Launched: In 2016 to address the housing gaps existing in the rural areas.

oIAY (Indira Awaas Yojna) was overhauled and transformed into Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G), starting from April 1, 2016.

  • Ministry Involved: Ministry of Rural development.
  • Aim: To provide a pucca house with basic amenities to all rural families who are homeless or living in kutcha or dilapidated houses by 2022.

oIt was initiated with the objective of achieving “Housing for All” by 2022.

  • Beneficiaries: SCs/STs, former bonded laborers, non-SC/ST populations, widows or the next-of-kin of defense personnel who died in action, ex-servicemen and retired paramilitary members, disabled individuals, and minorities.
  • Cost Sharing: Divided between the Central and State Governments, with a ratio of 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 in North Eastern and hilly states.

PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups)

  • PVTGs represent the most susceptible segment among India's tribal communities, necessitating enhanced support and development efforts.
  • Among the 705 Scheduled Tribes in India, 75 have garnered the PVTG classification, and their populations are dispersed across 17 states and one Union Territory.
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