PM UJJWALA YOJANA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Govt Schemes)

News-CRUX-10     19th April 2024        
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Context: Recently, the government, through its flagship Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, has extended clean cooking fuel benefits to 103.3 million households as of the end of 2023-24, as per Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell data.

PM Ujjwala Yojana

  • Launched: May 2016.
  • Ministry: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
  • Objective: To make clean cooking fuel such as LPG available to the rural and deprived households that were otherwise using traditional cooking fuels such as firewood, coal, cow-dung cakes, etc.
  • Target: LPG connections to 5 crore women members of BPL households.
  • Expansion: The scheme was expanded in April 2018.
  • Beneficiaries: Women beneficiaries from 7 more categories- SC/ST, PMAY, AAY, Most backward classes, tea garden, forest dwellers, and Islands.
  • Expansion of Beneficiaries: About 10.27 crore beneficiaries are set to benefit from the continuation of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY).
  • Subsidy Structure: Initially, a targeted subsidy of ₹200 per cylinder for up to 12 refills annually was provided to PMUY consumers.

oIn October 2023, the subsidy was increased to ₹300 per cylinder for the same refills per year.

  • Increased Consumption: The average LPG consumption among PMUY consumers has risen by 29% from 3.01 refills in 2019-20 to 3.87 refills (till January 2024) pro-rated for 2023-24.

oAll PMUY beneficiaries are eligible for the targeted subsidy based on their increased consumption.

Data of Petroleum Planning & Analysis Cell (PPAC)

  • Domestic PNG Connections in India: As of February, domestic PNG connections in the country reached 12.56 million according to PPAC data.
  • Government's Target: The government aims for 125 million PNG connections by 2030, encompassing both rural and urban areas.
  • Regional Disparities: Haryana and Himachal Pradesh exhibit the lowest number of PNG connections, with only 48 households having access to piped gas in the entire region.
  • Regions with No Connections: Six regions reported no PNG connections at all, including Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Karnataka, Puducherry, Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh.
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