PARAKRAM DIWAS (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – History)

News-CRUX-10     22nd January 2024        
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Context: Prime Minister of India will inaugurate the nine-day event marking Parakram Diwas  at Delhi’s Red Fort

Parakram Diwas

  • About: Netaji Jayanti, also known as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti, is officially recognized as Parakram Diwas or Parakram Divas ('Day of Valour').
  • Significance: This national event in India commemorates the birthday of the eminent Indian freedom fighter, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • Celebration Date: The celebration takes place annually on 23 January.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

  • About: Subhas Chandra Bose, an Indian nationalist leader, played a pivotal role in the country's struggle for independence against British colonial rule.
  • Early Life: Born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, Bose showed early signs of leadership and commitment to the cause of India's freedom.
  • Forward Bloc: In 1939, Bose established the Forward Bloc, an organization aimed at uniting all anti-British forces in India.
  • Formation of Indian National Army (INA): With Japanese assistance, Bose reorganized and led the Indian National Army, comprised of Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from Southeast Asia, against British forces.
  • Azad Hind and INA Battles: Bose formed the Azad Hind Government in exile and led the INA in battles against the Allies at Imphal and in Burma.
  • Death: Subhas Chandra Bose is believed to have died on August 18, 1945, in a plane crash over Taiwan.