NATIONAL QUANTUM MISSION (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     22nd January 2024        
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Context: National Quantum Mission (NQM) was reached with the launch of the call for pre-proposals for setting up Thematic Hubs (T-Hubs) launched by Secretary, Department of Science and Technology.

National Quantum Mission (NQM)

  • Aim: To empower Indian scientists in developing indigenous technology, systems, devices, and materials essential for advancing research and development in quantum technology.
  • Targets: Develop intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50-1,000 physical qubits utilizing various platforms such as superconducting and photonic technology.

oEstablish satellite-based secure quantum communications between ground stations spanning a range of 2,000 kilometers within India.

oEnhance quantum communications security with other countries.

  • Comparison with Classical Computing: Similar to how a binary bit serves as the fundamental unit of information in classical computing, a qubit (quantum bit) plays the equivalent role in quantum computing.
  • Benefits: To yield widespread benefits in communication, health, finance, energy, drug design, and space applications.
  • Thematic Hubs (T-hub): Quantum computing, Quantum communication, Quantum sensing and metrology and Quantum materials and devices.