OPERATION AJAY (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     12th October 2023        
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Context: Recently, the Union Ministry of External Affairs initiated 'Operation Ajay' to evacuate Indian citizens from the conflict zone amid ongoing clashes between IDF and Hamas in Israel.

  • The nation came under unprecedented attack by the Hamas militant group that rules the Gaza Strip.

Operation Ajay

  • India announced the launch "Operation Ajay" to help Indians stuck in Israel to return home as fresh tension triggered in the region as Hamas militants made a series of brazen attacks on Israeli towns over the weekend.
  • As per the external affairs ministry, around 18,000 Indians are currently residing in Israel.


  • Hamas, founded in 1987, is a Palestinian Islamist political organization and militant group.
  • Its primary goal is to establish an Islamic state in Palestine.
  • Several countries, including the United States, Canada, and the European Union, have designated Hamas as a terrorist organization.
  • Hamas has been responsible for various attacks on Israeli civilians and military targets, such as suicide bombings, rocket attacks, and kidnappings.