NEW SPECIES IN KMTR (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     29th November 2023        

New Plant Species

  • About: The species is named 'Impatiens Karuppusamyi' in honor of S. Karuppusamy for his significant contributions to the taxonomy of South Indian angiosperms.
  • Habitat: The plant is exclusively found in the Agasthyamalai region within the southern Western Ghats.
  • Seasonal Appearance: Belonging to the scapigerous group, the plant, devoid of stems, emerges only during the monsoon season, gracing the surroundings for a brief period.
  • Genus Diversity: Over 1,000 species of flowering plants, exhibit a wide distribution across tropical Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, and China.

Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

  • Location: Southern Western Ghats, in the Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Composition: Comprising three main sanctuaries—Kalakkad Sanctuary, Mundanthurai Sanctuary, and a segment of Kanyakumari Sanctuary.
  • Agastya Malai Hill Range: Nestled between Kerala and Tamil Nadu, it forms the core area of the sanctuary and represents one of the world's 18 biodiversity hotspots.
  • River Sanctuary: Known as the “River Sanctuary," with a notable distinction of being the source of 14 rivers within this Tiger Reserve.
  • Flora: Dry thorn forest to dry deciduous, moist deciduous, and features a patch of West Coast wet evergreen forests on the higher reaches.
  • Fauna: Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Pipit, Grey Headed Bulbul, Blue Winged Parakeet, and more.
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