News-CRUX-10     19th February 2024        

Context: The External Affairs Minister (EAM) of India recently met with his counterparts from Saudi Arabia, Norway, Portugal, Poland, and Belgium to discuss bilateral ties and global matters, including the situation in West Asia and reformed multilateralism.

Munich Security Conference

  • About: Often referred to as the ‘Davos of Defence,’ the Munich Security Conference (MSC) is an annual international forum.
  • Objective of the conference: Discussing critical security and foreign policy matters, it serves as a platform for dialogue and debate.
  • Purpose of the MSC: To facilitate dialogue and debate among political leaders, policymakers, military officials, experts, and civil society representatives.
  • Founded by: German official and publisher Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist at the peak of the Cold War.
  • Originating in: 1963, it has emerged as a pivotal event in international security.
  • Location of the Conference: The Conference is held annually in Munich, Germany.

Significance of MSC

  • Expansion of Participation: Over the years, the MSC has broadened its participant base, welcoming influential players from rising powers such as China, Brazil, and India.
  • Adaptation to Global Dynamics: In response to shifting geopolitical landscapes, the MSC has diversified its discussions, incorporating topics like the Problem in West Asia, Arab uprisings, Iran’s nuclear ambitions, and the Ukraine War.