News-CRUX-10     22nd August 2023        

Context:  The 27th edition of Exercise MALABAR, concluded on the East Coast of Australia off Sydney on 21 Aug 23. 

  • The exercise saw participation of Ships, Submarines and aircraft from the Indian Navy (IN), Royal Australian Navy (RAN), Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and the US Navy (USN). 
  • The Indian Navy was represented by indigenously built Destroyer INS Kolkata, Frigate INS Sahyadri and P8I Maritime Patrol Aircraft. 
  • Other participating units included RAN ships HMAS Choules and HMAS Brisbane, USS Raphael Peralta, JS Shiranui, along with submarines, fighter aircraft, maritime patrol aircraft and shipborne helicopters.

Exercise Malabar

  • About: It is a trilateral naval exercise but due to the participation of Australia in 2020 & 2021, it has become a quadrilateral exercise.
  • Origin: It started off in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between Indian and US navies. 
    • The first Malabar Exercise in the Bay of Bengal took place in 2007.
    • In 2015, Japan joined the exercise Malabar, making it a trilateral naval exercise. 
    • In 2020, the Australian Navy had joined the Malabar Exercise, making it a quadrilateral naval exercise.
      • Earlier, Australia joined the exercise in 2007.
  • Objective: The aim of the Malabar Exercise of India, US, Japan and Australia is to coordinate for free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific.
  • Locations: It takes place annually in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Oceans alternatively.
  • Non-permanent members: Singapore and Australia have been non-permanent members previously.
  • Activities: This exercise includes a diverse range of activities such as fighter combat operations and maritime interdiction operations.

Other Naval Exercises

  • INDRA Exercise: It is a bi-annual bilateral exercise between India and Russia that began in 2003.
  • Varuna Exercise: It is an annual exercise between India and France usually held in the Indian Ocean or Mediterranean Sea. The last exercise was held in 2021 in the Arabian Sea.
  • Milan Exercise: It is a biennial Multilateral event. The last exercise was held in 2018, had a participation of 16 countries. It is usually held in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • IBSAMAR: It is a maritime exercise held by India, South Africa, and Brazil.
  • SIMBEX: Held annually between India and Singapore since 1994.
  • SLINEX: Between India and Sri Lanka.
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