LIBYA (Syllabus: GS Paper 1– Geography)

News-CRUX-10     14th September 2023        
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Context: Devastating floods occurred in Derna, Libya due to the collision of Dams and flash floods caused by a Mediterranean storm named Daniel.


  • Libya, a predominantly desert nation with significant oil reserves, gained independence in 1951.
  • Capital: Tripoli
  • Geography and Population: Libya, situated in North Africa, primarily consists of the vast Sahara desert. 

oThe majority of its population resides along the coastal areas, where key cities like Tripoli and Benghazi are located.

  • Boundaries: It is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa
  • North: Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea.
  • East: Shares a border with Egypt.
  • South: Shares boundaries with Niger and Chad.
  • West: Bordered by Tunisia and Algeria.


  • Derna (Darnah) is a port city in eastern Libya. 
  • The city is bisected by the Wadi Derna, a seasonal river that flows from highlands to the south, and normally protected from flooding by dams.
  • The city was once a hub for extremist groups in the years of chaos that followed the NATO.
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