KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     9th March 2024        

Context: The Prime Minister of India visited Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site in Assam.

Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve

  • Location: Located at Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam.
  • Flora: Tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests. 
  • Fauna: One-horned rhinos; Elephant; Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo. It is the home of the world's most one-horned rhinos and has the second-highest number of Rhinos after Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, situated in Assam.
  • River: Located on the edge of Brahmaputra River and Diphlu River flows through the National Park.
  • National Highway (NH): NH 37 passes through the National Park.
  • Conservation status: Declared as: 

oNational Park in 1974.

oUNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

oTiger Reserve in 2007.

oRecognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International.

Other national parks in Assam are:

  • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park,
  • Manas National Park,
  • Nameri National Park,
  • Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.