BRAHMOS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     9th March 2024        
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Context: Radars, jetties, airfield and BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles are being deployed at the Indian Navy’s newest base, INS Jatayu, on Minicoy Island in Lakshadweep.

BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missiles

  • About: A joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India (DRDO) and the NPOM of Russia.

oBrahMos is named for the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva (Russia).

  • Range: 290 km 
  • Fastest cruise missile in the world: A top speed of Mach 2.8 (nearly three times the speed of sound).
  • Two-stage missile system: Solid propellant engine in the first stage and liquid ramjet in second.
  • Multiplatform missile: Can be launched from land, air, and sea and multi capability missile with pinpoint accuracy that works in both day and night irrespective of the weather conditions.
  • Operates on the "Fire and Forgets" principle: It does not require further guidance after launch.

Minicoy Islands

  • Location: Minicoy Island, the southernmost tip of Lakshadweep, rests 398 kilometers (215 nautical miles) southwest of Kochi, India.
  • Dimensions and Proximity: With a land area of 4.80 square kilometers, Minicoy boasts one of the largest lagoons in Lakshadweep. 
  • Lies between: The island neighbors the bustling 9° Channel, a crucial shipping route, and lies approximately 130 kilometers north of the Maldivian archipelago.