JAVELIN ANTI-TANK GUIDED MISSILE SYSTEM (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Sci and Tech)

News-CRUX-10     26th June 2024        
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Context: India and the US held discussions on the co-production of American javelin missiles in India to meet the requirements of the Indian military.


Javelin Anti-tank Guided Missile (ATGM) System

  • About: This system developed jointly by Raytheon and Lockheed Martin, prominent American defense contractors.
  • Target Capability: Designed primarily to defeat heavily armored vehicles like main battle tanks, as well as lighter-skinned military vehicles.

oAlso effective against fortifications, bunkers, and helicopters due to its versatile targeting capabilities.

  • Service: Entered service with the U.S. military in 1996, marking its deployment and operational use in combat scenarios.

Features of the Javelin ATGM System:

  • Physical Dimensions: Measures approximately 1.2 meters in length and 127 mm in diameter.

oWeighs 22.1 kg, making it portable yet powerful for its intended purposes.

  • Warhead Composition: Carries a single 8.4 kg tandem-charge, high-explosive antitank (HEAT) warhead, optimized for armor penetration.
  • Maximum Range: 2,500 meters, ensuring effective engagement capabilities over significant distances.
  • Guidance System: Utilizes "fire-and-forget" technology, employing automatic infrared guidance.

oCapable of autonomously guiding itself to the target without requiring external commands or additional target designation.

  • Combat Applications: Can be employed in direct attack mode for precise destruction of ground targets.
  • When fired upwards, it can intercept and neutralize low-flying aircraft such as helicopters.
  • Operational Efficiency: Reload and reacquire time is minimal, approximately one minute, facilitating rapid reengagement during combat operations.
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