JAMMU KASHMR ASSEMBLY BILLS (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Polity)

News-CRUX-10     7th December 2023        
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Context: Recently, the Lok Sabha passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Amendment) Bill, 2023, and the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2023.

Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Amendment) Bill, 2023

  • Expansion of J&K Assembly Seats: This Bill proposes an increment in the total number of seats in the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly from 107 to 114.
  • Scheduled Tribes Reservation: As a notable change, the bill introduces the reservation of nine seats for Scheduled Tribes, marking the first time such a provision has been made.
  • Basis on Delimitation Commission Report: The increase in the number of seats aligns with the recommendations put forth by the Delimitation Commission.
  • Empowerment of Lieutenant-Governor: The bill grants the Lieutenant-Governor the authority to nominate three members in the Assembly, including two from the Kashmiri migrant community, one of whom must be a woman. 

oAdditionally, the third member is to be a representative of individuals from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) who sought refuge in India after the wars with Pakistan in 1947, 1965, and 1971.

  • Amendment in Terminology: The J&K Reservation Bill aims to substitute the term "weak and underprivileged classes (social castes)" with "other backward classes" in the J&K Reservation Act of 2004.
  • Target of the 2004 Act: The 2004 Act specifically addresses reservations concerning appointments and admissions in professional institutions. 
  • It focuses on members belonging to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and other socially and educationally backward classes.