News-CRUX-10     1st March 2024        

Context: The Union Cabinet formally announced the establishment of International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) with one-time budgetary support of Rs 150 crore from the central government until 2028.

International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA)

  • Formation of IBCA: The Centre envisions the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) as a comprehensive coalition involving 96 big cat range countries, non-range countries, conservation partners, scientific organizations, and business groups.
  • Aim: To create a centralized repository of successful conservation practices and personnel, supported by financial resources. 

oThis platform will be utilized to strengthen the global conservation agenda and counter the decline in big cat populations.

  • Multipronged Approach: The alliance will adopt a multipronged approach, focusing on broadening its base and establishing linkages in various areas. This includes knowledge sharing, capacity building, networking, advocacy, financial support, research, technical assistance, education, and awareness.
  • Climate Change Mitigation: IBCA commits to working towards mitigating the adverse effects of climate change on big cat habitats. 
  • Organizational Structure: The structure of IBCA will include an Assembly of Members, Standing Committee, and a Secretariat.

oThe headquarters of the alliance will be based in India, facilitating coordination and collaboration among member countries.

Big Cat:

  • About: It  is a term that is used in informal speech to apply to any large species of the family Felidae. 
  • Members of the Genus Panthera: Big Cats commonly include the Tiger (Panthera tigris), Lion (Panthera leo), Jaguar (Panthera onca), Leopard (Panthera pardus), and Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia).
  • Other Notable Cats: Puma (Puma concolor) and Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) are not part of Panthera but are often included in most lists of Big Cats.