GULF OF ADEN (Syllabus: GS Paper 1 – Geography)

News-CRUX-10     19th January 2024        

Context: In another swift operation on the high seas, an Indian destroyer came to the aid of a cargo vessel soon after it got hit by a drone in the Gulf of Aden.

Gulf of Aden

  • About: The Gulf of Aden is an extension of the Indian Ocean, situated between the Arabian Peninsula and the African continent.
  • Origin: The gulf derives its name from "Aden," a port city located on the coast of Yemen.
  • Bounded by: Somalia and the Socotra Islands to the south, Yemen to the north, the Arabian Sea to the east, and Djibouti to the west, the Gulf of Aden holds a strategic position in the region.
  • Connectivity: The gulf is linked to the Somali Sea in the south through the Guardafui Channel and to the Red Sea in the west through the Strait of Bab el Mandeb.
  • Coverage: Covering an area of approximately 410,000 square kilometers, the Gulf of Aden spans about 900 km in length and 500 km in width.
  • Cities Along the Gulf: Aden, Mukalla, Ahnwar, Balhaf, Berbera, Bosaso, and Djibouti City, each contributing to the region's cultural and economic diversity.
  • Characteristics: With an average depth of 500 meters and a maximum depth of 2,700 meters, the gulf boasts significant depth variations.

oThe gulf's terrain is the Sheba Ridge, an extension of the Indian Ocean ridge system that runs along its middle.

  • Significance: Beyond its geographical significance, the Gulf of Aden serves as a crucial component of the Suez Canal shipping route, linking the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.