GRIHA NORMS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     7th September 2023        
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Context: The Indian Army’s new Thal Sena Bhawan (TSB) is coming up with GRIHA-IV (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) norms.


  • About: GRIHA stands for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment. The term "GRIHA" is derived from Sanskrit, meaning 'Abode.'
  • Purpose: GRIHA serves as a rating tool designed to help individuals and organizations assess their building's performance against nationally accepted benchmarks.
  • Holistic Evaluation: GRIHA evaluates a building's environmental performance throughout its entire life cycle, establishing a clear standard for what qualifies as a 'green building.'
  • Developed By: GRIHA was developed by TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute), a renowned research organization.
  • Adopted By: Government Adoption: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
  • Criteria: GRIHA assesses a building based on 34 specific criteria, awarding points on a scale of 100 and providing star rating from 1 to 5.

o Minimum Requirement: To qualify for GRIHA certification, a project must achieve a minimum of 50 points.

o Mandatory Criteria: Certain criteria and sub-criteria are mandatory, meaning they must be met for a project to be eligible for rating under GRIHA.

Project Scoring

  • 1-Star Rating: Buildings scoring between 50-60 points are certified as 1-star GRIHA-rated buildings.
  • 2-Star Rating: A score of 61-70 points earns a building a 2-star GRIHA rating.
  • 3-Star Rating: Buildings achieving a score of 71-80 points are recognized as 3-star GRIHA-rated buildings.
  • 4-Star Rating: A 4-star GRIHA rating is awarded to buildings scoring between 81-90 points.
  • 5-Star Rating: The highest rating, 91-100 points, results in a 5-star GRIHA-rated building.

Thal Sena Bhawan 

  • Area: 143,450 sq. m.
  • It has been designed to be earthquake-resistant.
  • The complex is designed to cater to the needs of 5,600 personnel.
  • It will bring together the Indian Army Headquarters currently split into eight pockets across Delhi, including South Block, Sena Bhawan, Hutments Area, R. K. Puram, and Shankar Vihar.
  • Thal Sena Bhawan adheres to GRIHA-IV specifications and criteria.