GREEN HYDROGEN (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     9th October 2023        

Context: India and Saudi Arabia recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Riyadh this afternoon, focusing on Electrical Interconnections, Green/Clean Hydrogen, and Supply Chains.

Green Hydrogen 

  • About: This gas is generated through the process of electrolysis, which involves the separation of water into hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Production: Green hydrogen is manufactured by electrolysis, using renewable energy sources like solar, wind, or hydropower.
  • India's Green Hydrogen Production: India has initiated the production of green hydrogen with the goal of increasing non-fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatts by 2030.
  • Recent Development: India recently established its first pilot plant for 99.99% pure green hydrogen in Duliajan, located in eastern Assam at the Jorhat pump station of a major petroleum exploration company.
  • National Green Hydrogen Mission: To establish India as a worldwide centre for producing, applying, and exporting Green Hydrogen and its associated products.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy


  • It is a gaseous substance that is colourless, odourless, tasteless, non-toxic, and highly explosive.
  • It is the lightest, simplest, and most abundant member of the chemical elements in the universe.