GOBARDHAN INITIATIVE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 - Agriculture)

News-CRUX-10     31st July 2023        
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Context: The GOBARdhan initiative of the Union Government which aims to transform “Waste to Wealth” using a “Whole of Government” approach has started stimulating investments and reaping good results by creating a nurturing ecosystem for Compressed Biogas (CBG)/Biogas through a slew of policy enablers and attractive benefits.

  • The Unified Registration Portal for GOBARdhan, developed by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, the nodal coordination department, was launched for streamlining the process of registration of functional/under construction /yet to start Biogas/Compressed Biogas (CBG) plants across the country.

GOBARdhan scheme

  • About: The Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme is implemented under the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin-Phase 2, by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti ministry.
  • It was launched in 2018.
      • In her Budget 2023-24 speech,, Finance Minister had announced the setting up of 500 biogas plants across the country under the Gobardhan scheme. Of these, 75 plants were to be set up in urban areas.
  • The scheme aims to augment income of farmers by converting biodegradable waste into compressed biogas (CBG).
  • The initiative aims at attracting entrepreneurs for establishing community-based CBG plants in rural areas.
  • Benefits of the scheme:
  • Helpful for the country as India is home to the highest cattle population in the world, close to 300 million in number, with a daily output of 3 million tonnes of dung.
  • Encourage farmers to consider dung and other waste not just as a waste but as a source of income.
  • It will be easier to keep the village clean and sanitized, livestock health will improve and farm yields will increase.
  • Increase self-reliance in energy utilized for cooking and lighting.
  • Provides a stable fuel supply in the market for oil companies and accessible credit in the market through government schemes and banks for entrepreneurs.
    • Unified Portal of Gobardhan: In 2021, it has been launched to ensure smooth implementation of Biogas schemes/initiatives and their real time tracking.
      • Objectives: Ensure close coordination with various Departments/Ministries for smooth implementation of Biogas schemes/initiatives and its real time tracking.
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