GI TAG ON BASMATI RICE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     22nd April 2024        
output themes

Context: India is gearing up to challenge Pakistan's attempts to broaden the geographical indication (GI) tag for its Basmati rice.

Basmati Rice Cultivation in India

  • Geographical Spread: Basmati rice is grown in 81 districts in India, including regions such as Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttarakhand, and western Uttar Pradesh.
  • Varietal Diversity: 45 varieties of Basmati rice have been notified under the seeds Act, 1966
  • India's Basmati Rice Exports:

o In FY23, India exported 152,857 metric tonnes (MT) of Basmati valued at $167 million, up significantly from 88,452 MT worth about $93.4 million.

  • India's position: World's top exporter of Basmati rice.
  • Major Export Markets: Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
  • GI tag in India: Basmati rice has received GI tag from various states combined. They are - Punjab / Haryana / Himachal Pradesh / Delhi / Uttarakhand / Uttar Pradesh / Jammu & Kashmir.

GI Tag 

  • About: It is a symbol used on items that come from a particular geographical area and have qualities or a reputation linked to that place of origin.
  • Nodal Ministry: Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • Tenure: 10 Years.
  • Regulated By: Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999.
  • Paris Convention: GI is encompassed within the realm of intellectual property rights (IPRs) according to the provisions of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.