GABON (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – IR)

News-CRUX-10     1st September 2023        

Context: Mutinous soldiers in Gabon say they have ousted the president whose family has ruled for 55 years.

  • In his first public appearance since the coup attempt, President Ali Bongo Ondimba called on people to ‘make noise’ to support him.

Key Points 

  • Gabon experiences a recent attempted coup, joining a series of coup attempts in Africa.
  • This potential coup marks the eighth instance in West and Central Africa since 2020.
  • Notable recent coups have occurred in Niger, Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso, and Chad, the most recent being in July.
  • The prevalence of coups jeopardizes the progress of democratization achieved by the continent over the last twenty years.
  • Behind the Issues: Corruption, mismanagement, and poverty.


  • Location: The Republic of Gabon is positioned at the Equator in West-Central Africa, adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Borders: It shares borders with Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the north, and the Republic of the Congo to the east and south.
  • Colonial Legacy: Previously a French colony, Gabon maintains strong connections to France, the French language, and culture.
  • Independence: On August 17, 1960, Gabon gained independence from France.
  • International Affiliations: Gabon holds memberships in the United Nations, the African Union, and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
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