FOREX TRADING PLATFORMS (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Economy)

News-CRUX-10     17th April 2024        
output themes

Context: The governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently raised concerns over unauthorized forex trading platforms and asked banks to remain alert.

Forex Trading Platforms

  • About: These platforms facilitate foreign exchange transactions, serving as digital arenas for buying and selling currencies.
  • Utilization by: These platforms are utilized by both corporates and individual traders to manage and mitigate their exposure to foreign currency risks.
  • Types of Transactions: It can occur through over-the-counter (OTC) spot markets or derivatives platforms, which are duly authorized by regulatory bodies like the RBI.
  • Regulatory Authorization: Forex transactions are conducted through platforms authorized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), ensuring compliance with regulatory standards and guidelines.
  • Exchange-Traded Currency Derivatives: Another avenue for forex trading is through RBI-authorized exchange-traded currency derivative segments, including major stock exchanges such as BSE, NSE, and the Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India.
  • Role of Authorized Brokers: Authorized brokers also play a significant role in facilitating forex transactions, ensuring market liquidity and efficient execution. 

Forex Trading in India

  • Registered Indian Forex Broker Requirement: Forex trading in India must be conducted through a registered Indian forex broker.
  • Authorized Electronic Trading Platforms (ETPs): Trading in India should occur on ETPs authorized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) or recognized stock exchanges.
  • Permissible Currency Pairs: The RBI permits forex trading in India only for four currency pairs: dollar-rupee, euro-rupee, British pound-rupee, and Japanese yen-rupee.
  • Base Currency Restriction: These permitted currency pairs have the Indian rupee (INR) as the base currency.
  • Illegal Trading and Penalties: Trading in any other currency pair is illegal under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) and can result in penalties.
  • Restrictions on Indian Citizens: Indian citizens are prohibited from trading foreign currencies overseas, either directly or indirectly.