FMBAP (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Disaster Management)

News-CRUX-10     22nd February 2024        
output themes

Context: The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister of India approved the proposal of Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)” with total outlay of Rs. 4,100 crore for a period of 5 years from 2021-22 to 2025-26 (15th Finance Commission period).

Flood Management and Border Areas Programme

  • About: In order to protect human life, land and property from flood fury in the country, State Governments undertake flood management works.
  • Components: The scheme "FMBAP" emerges from the fusion of components from two ongoing XII Plan schemes, namely "Flood Management Programme (FMP)" and "River Management Activities and Works related to Border Areas (RMBA)".
  • Objective: To aid State Governments in offering a reasonable degree of protection against floods in critical areas.
  • Strategy: 

oStructural and Non-Structural Measures: The strategy involves adopting a mix of structural and non-structural measures while enhancing the capabilities of officials from State and Central Governments in relevant domains.

oCompletion of Ongoing Projects: The scheme prioritizes the completion of existing projects sanctioned under the FMP.

oHydro-meteorological Observations and Forecasting: Collaboration for hydro-meteorological observations and flood forecasting on shared rivers with neighboring countries is a key strategy.

  • Coverage: Across the entire country, benefiting towns, villages, industrial establishments, communication links, agricultural fields, and infrastructure from floods and erosion.
  • Funding Pattern: 

oGeneral Funding: Works in general category States follow a funding pattern of 50% from the Centre and 50% from the State.

oSpecial Funding: Projects in North Eastern States, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand maintain a funding ratio of 70% (Centre) to 30% (State).

oRMBA Funding: Activities related to border areas with neighboring countries continue to receive 100% grant-in-aid or central assistance.

output themes