DRUG MENACE IN INDIA (Syllabus: GS Paper 2 – Social Issue)

News-CRUX-10     28th December 2023        
Samadhaan

Context: Prime Minister of India expressed concern over the growing drug menace among the youth and urged religious leaders and influencers to take the issue seriously.


Drug Menace in India

  • Major Substances: Alcohol, cannabis, opium, and heroin dominate the list of abused drugs in India.
  • Youth Vulnerability: Approximately 13% of drug and substance abusers in India fall under the age group of 20 and below.
  • Critical Period: Adolescence stands out as a critical-risk period for the initiation of substance use.
  • Juvenile Justice Act: Children affected by substance abuse are categorized as children in need of care and protection under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015.
  • Affected States: Punjab, Assam, Mizoram, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Bihar, Delhi, and others are prominently affected by the issue.
  • Root Causes of Drug Abuse: Poverty, peer pressure, illiteracy, low self-esteem, genetic predisposition, etc.

 

Initiatives to Control Drug Menace

  • NDPS Act, 1985: The Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985, outlines provisions for identification, treatment, rehabilitation, and more.
  • Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan: Launched in 272 vulnerable districts, this initiative focuses on community outreach to combat substance abuse.
  • SIMS Portal: The Seizure Information Management System (SIMS) portal is dedicated to handling cases involving significant drug seizures.
  • NAPDDR 2018-2025: The National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction (NAPDDR) for 2018-2025 adopts a multi-pronged strategy to address the issue effectively.
  • UN Conventions: The UN conventions, including the Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961) and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971), shape global efforts in controlling narcotic and psychotropic substances.



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