DPDP ACT 2023 (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Governance)

News-CRUX-10     27th December 2023        

Context: Recently, the Digital Personal Data Protection (DPDP) Act, passed by Parliament will initiate implementation next year after the government formulates rules for its enforcement.

Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023

  • About: An Act to provide for the processing of digital personal data in a manner that recognises both the right of individuals to protect their personal data and the need to process such personal data for lawful purposes and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology 
  • Aim: To establish a framework for processing digital personal data that respects both individuals' rights to safeguard their data and the necessity of processing data for legitimate purposes.

Provisions of the Act

  • Application: The Act is applicable when processing digital personal data within India, under the following circumstances: Data is collected online & Data is collected offline, and then digitized.
  • Consent: For individuals below 18 years of age, consent must be granted by a parent or legal guardian.
  • Rights of Data Principal: A data principal, who is an individual undergoing data processing, possesses the following rights:
  • The right to obtain information regarding the processing of their data.
  • The right to request the correction and deletion of their personal data.
  • Personal data beyond India: It permits the transmission of personal data beyond India, barring countries that have been prohibited by the central government through an official notification.