CLIMATE AMBITION SUMMIT (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env & Eco)

News-CRUX-10     23rd September 2023        

Context: The United Nations Climate Ambition Summit (CAS), hosted by Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, took place recently in New York. China, the U.S., and India were absent at the U.N.’s Climate Ambition Summit.

Climate Ambition Summit

  • About: The summit took place to display leaders who are movers and doers and have credible actions, policies, and plans to keep the 1.5°C degree goal of the Paris Agreement alive.
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Venue: UN Headquarters, New York.
  • 3 tracks: Ambition, Credibility and Implementation.
  • Credibility: Leaders of businesses, cities, regions, and financial institutions are expected to present transition plans aligned with the UN-backed Integrity Matters report.
  • Implementation:  All entities come together by addressing challenges and opportunities related to accelerating the decarburization of high-emitting sectors or delivering climate justice.

Key Points

  • Brazil will now need to propose more ambitious measures to curb its emissions and look towards a just transition away from fossil fuels.
  • Nepal announced a revised target of achieving Net Zero emissions by 2045 instead of 2050.
  • Thailand expressed its determination to be Net Zero by 2050 and Portugal announced a goal to be carbon neutral by 2045, instead of 2050.
  • Canada, which was one of the largest expanders of fossil fuels last year, announced the development of an emissions cap framework for the oil and gas sector.
  • At COP27, India’s suggestion to call for the phasedown of “all fossil fuels” and not just coal was omitted in the final document.
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