CINEREOUS VULTURE (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Env and Eco)

News-CRUX-10     12th December 2023        
Samadhaan

Context: Recently, the cinereous vulture has been sighted at the Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary, marking the first occurrence of this bird in Delhi in over five decades.

Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus)

  • About: A winter migrant, the cinereous vulture travels thousands of kilometres from Europe towards western India — including Rajasthan, Gujarat
  • Characteristics: The raptor is a sober dark brown shade flanked by broad wings and a slightly wedged tail. It is an altitudinal migrant — which means it migrates from a higher to a lower altitude.
  • IUCN Status: Near Threatened
  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Under Schedule IV
  • Threats: Poisoning from diclofenac, loss of natural habitats, food dearth and contamination, hunting and electrocution by power lines.


Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Coverage Area: 32.71 km2 area on the Southern Delhi Ridge of Aravalli hill range.
  • Location: Delhi-Haryana border lies in Southern Delhi as well as northern parts of Faridabad and Gurugram districts of Haryana state.

oIt is also part of the Sariska-Delhi Wildlife Corridor, which runs from the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan to Delhi Ridge.

  • Vegetation: Dry deciduous,
  • Flora: Consists of Prosopis juliflora as the dominant exotic species and Diospyros montana as the dominant native species in the sanctuary.
  • Fauna: Golden Jackals, Striped-Hyenas, Indian crested-Porcupines, Civets, Jungle Cats, Snakes, Monitor Lizards, Mongoose etc.

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