Chandrayaan 3 (Syllabus: GS Paper 3 – Science & Technology)

News-CRUX-10     18th August 2023        

Context: Chandrayaan-3 consists of a lander module, a propulsion module and a rover. The main function of the propulsion module is to carry the lander module from launch vehicle injection till 100-km orbit around the moon

About Chandrayan 3

  • It is a follow-on mission to Chandrayaan-2 to demonstrate end-to-end capability in safe landing and roving on the lunar surface.
  • Objective:

Demonstrate safe and soft landing on the surface of the Moon,

Conduct rover operations on the Moon, and

Conduct on-site experiments on the Lunar surface.

  • Components: Lander (powered by 4 throttle-ale engines & equipped with Laser Doppler Velocimeter), Rover (no orbiter unlike Chandrayaan 2).
  • The mission has six tools for studying science and an additional instrument on the propulsion module.
  • Propulsion Module: It carries the SHAPE experiment, which uses spectro-polarimetry to study Earth's reflected light.
  • Opportunities offered by Chandrayaan-3

Economic benefits: Chandrayaan-3 will be India's ticket to the “moon economy”, an emerging sector with a potential of billions of dollars.

Accelerate scientific discoveries: By analyzing the data collected during the mission, scientists can discover about Moon's geology, mineralogy, and environment, which can contribute to our understanding of lunar evolution.

Accelerate private sector participation & its stature in the global arena facilitating international collaborations in space industry. 

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