CAMBODIA (Syllabus GS Paper 1 & 3– Geography & Cyver security)

News-CRUX-10     29th March 2024        

Context: Over 5,000 Indians are trapped in Cambodia, where they are allegedly being held against their will and forced to carry out cyber frauds on people back home.


  • About: It is a country on the Indochinese mainland of Southeast Asia.
  • Capital: Phnom Penh.
  • Border: It borders Thailand to the north and west, Laos to the northeast, and Vietnam to the east and southeast.
  • Coastline: It has a 443-kilometer coastline along the Gulf of Thailand.
  • Geology: It includes the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and the upper reaches of the Mekong River delta.
  • India’s engagement: Cambodia is a part of the Mekong-Ganga initiative.

Mekong-Ganga initiative

  • Established in: 2000 at Vientiane, Laos.
  • Mandate: To facilitate closer contacts among people inhabiting Ganga and Mekong, the 2 major civilizational river basins.
  • 6 members: India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam (India + 5 ASEAN Countries/Mekong Basin Countries).
  • Four areas of cooperation: Tourism, culture, education, and transportation.

Cyber Crime

  • About: It is an illegal activity involving computers, the internet, or network devices. Cybercriminals commit identity theft, initiate phishing scams, spread malware, and instigate other digital attacks.
  • Some examples of cybercrime include

oStealing and selling corporate data

oDemanding payment to prevent an attack

oInstalling viruses on a targeted computer

oHacking into government or corporate computers.